Historical and political background


When the African National Congress (ANC) won its first national non-racial election in April 1994 in a landslide victory, it made Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela the first president of non-racist, non-sexist and democratic South Africa.

When the ANC won a second democratic election in 1999, President Thabo Mbeki succeeded President Mandela to become the second president of non-racist South Africa. He remained president for a second term after the ANC won elections again in 2004 and September 2008, when he was recalled by the ruling party (ANC). President Kgalema Motlanthe succeeded President Mbeki on 25 May. Jacob Zuma, who was inaugurated as President of South Africa on 9 May 2004, was elected President of South Africa.

The democratic order established in South Africa was the result of a political solution between the ANC and the other liberation forces and the apartheid regime on the other. The main objective of this negotiated solution was to remove apartheid and replace it with a new replacement for constitutional democracy, characterised by values, ideals and principles that recognised our humanity and sought to unite the nation.

When the new democratic government came to power only after the 1994 elections, South Africa was marked by centuries of state-strong divisions expressed by relentless political oppression and opposition. social and racial discrimination against society as a whole; serious economic exploitation; differences and differences are counted among the largest in the world; A racial state apparatus, a largely bankrupt state and an economy characterised by capital flight and on the brink of economic collapse.

Reconstruction and development

South Africa’s newly elected democratic government was therefore responsible for focusing on the reconstruction and development programme within the framework of the restrictions imposed, but also on major social and political pressure. In these competing ancests, the government’s agenda, defined as a broadly developing state, required an approach that, while the need for fundamental change in society and the state had to be achieved systematically but gradually.

Through the Izimbizo programme, officials from all sectors of our system of government must meet regularly with their constituents to study the government’s findings. Imbizo is a form of interactive government that provides direct interaction with general citizenship in areas of the president, vice president and all other areas of government. In this way, ordinary South Africans can take into account the concerns, complaints and suggestions of their leaders on how to improve the provision of services.

The current government has also encouraged a vibrant community culture by campaigning for civilisation and through the popularity of local authorities and municipal organisations such as local council departmental committees, school governing bodies, community crime prevention forums and other community-based organisations. State ships and the construction of a democratic state have been at the heart of the administration.

National reconciliation and social reconstruction

The Truth and Reconciliation Commission allowed an open, honest and transparent process in which former human rights defenders and their victims can meet each other in a spirit of forgiveness. By acting as a forgiving of truth, as a society, South Africans have been able to make a historic distinction from the past and overcome the problem of accusations and vengeance – of all post-war societies – that extends forever into the future. The TRC has made a significant contribution to the reconstruction of the South African nation and to the promotion of an ethos of national reconciliation.

As a result of this process, the whole concept of symbolic substitutes for the apartheid community suffered irregular damage and damage. These are the main monuments and monuments and other symbolic remedies that reflect the collective history of the country.

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