While most scientists accept the theory of evolution that humans evolved from primates, many Americans still reject it. According to the Pew Research Center, about one in five American adults believe that life on Earth has never changed.
Proponents of evolutionary theory generally believe in Charles Darwin’s natural choices, which are considered the primary process of development. Others agree with Darwin’s premise, preferring to use more modern scientific theories to explain how change happens.
Evolution was often pushed against religion. Those who believe that humans are created in God’s image are often called “creatineists.” They argue that evolutionary theory contradicts the teachings of the Bible and the Judeo-Christian concept of God that changes human events. This perspective is sometimes called the theory of “intelligent design” and claims that life could not have been born by chance and must have been designed by an almighty being.
This disagreement is most visible in the education debates. Many evangelical Christian groups oppose teaching evolution in science classes because Darwin’s ideas contradict their worldview. Others advocate taking smart design into account in public school science curricula, as well as the scientific theory of evolution that has sparked a debate about the separation of church and state.
Legalization of marijuana
Despite being legal in 11 states, marijuana is still highly controversial across the United States. There are major debates going on about its use as a medicinal product and whether it should be for recreational use, for example, in the case of pharmaceuticals. There are currently 55 million U.S. adults (16.9%) who use marijuana in the U.S., including 43% of students.
Advocates see cannabis use as a personal choice and argue that laws that violate this choice violate individual freedoms. They also say that the ban prevents proper medical care for those who need it and that enforcement is often unfairly directed at minorities and other at-risk populations.
Ban on the validity of medical marijuana use and believes there is a greater risk to public health, safety and community order than benefits. They also fear that it will become a gateway drug if it is made legal for recreational use.
As more and more states have legalized marijuana, the debate has widened, with advocates calling for the elimination of low-level marijuana beliefs, the use of marijuana as an alternative to opioids, and the study of the economic potential of marijuana cultivation in agriculture.
The death penalty, also called the “death penalty”, is a punishment in which a convicted criminal is considered unfit for rehabilitation and executed by the state. It is legal in 28 states and under federal law.
Supporters of the death penalty believe that some crimes are so heinous that the perpetrators are too dangerous to be imprisoned. They also believe that the death penalty acts as a deterrent to others and will give victims, survivors and their families a sense of justice.
Opponents of the death penalty argue that governments should not have the power to decide who has the right to live or die, arguing that human life is too important to be punished – regardless of crime. They also show that the death penalty can lead to the accidental death of innocent people.
The debate on the death penalty also addresses racial and socio-economic inequalities in the justice system, rehabilitation and punishment and prison economics.
According to the Death Penalty Information Center, 22 people were executed in the United States in 2019. According to the NAACP Criminal Justice Project, there are 2,620 people on death row as of January 1, 2015.